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Pre-existing antitherapeutic antibodies against the Fc region of the hu14.18K322A mAb are associated with outcome in patients with relapsed neuroblastoma

Patients with cancer receiving tumor-reactive humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy can develop a human antihuman antibody (HAHA) response against the therapeutic mAb. The authors evaluated for HAHA in patients with neuroblastoma treated in a phase I study of humanized anti-GD2 mAb ...


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Pre-existing inflammatory immune microenvironment predicts the clinical response of vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions to therapeutic HPV16 vaccination

Vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (vHSIL) is predominantly induced by high-risk human papilloma virus type 16 (HPV16). In two independent trials, therapeutic vaccination against the HPV16 E6 and E7 oncoproteins resulted in objective partial and complete responses (PRs/CRs) in...


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Sixth Immunotherapy of Cancer conference (ITOC): advances and perspectives—a meeting report

Immunotherapy has moved to the forefront of cancer treatment, illustrated by the accelerating pace of novel therapy approvals. In this complex environment, scientists rely on cutting edge conferences to stay informed. The Immunotherapy of Cancer (ITOC) conference was established jointly with the...


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ARID1A alterations function as a biomarker for longer progression-free survival after anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy

Several cancer types harbor alterations in the gene encoding AT-Rich Interactive Domain-containing protein 1A (ARID1A), but there are no approved therapies to address these alterations. Recent studies have shown that ARID1A deficiency compromises mismatch repair proteins. The authors...


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Current evidence and future perspectives of immune-checkpoint inhibitors in unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma

Platinum-based chemotherapy is commonly used as the standard first-line treatment for unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). However, in recent times, immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have led to a paradigm shift. The authors review relevant literature and ongoing trials of ICIs...


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Identification of tumor immune infiltration-associated lncRNAs for improving prognosis and immunotherapy response of patients with non-small cell lung cancer

Increasing evidence has demonstrated the functional relevance of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) to immunity regulation and the tumor microenvironment in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, tumor immune infiltration-associated lncRNAs and their value in improving clinical outcomes and...


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High-dimensional immune-profiling in cancer: implications for immunotherapy

The authors state there is a need to better understand tumor immunity in order to design immunotherapeutic strategies, especially evidence-based combination therapies, for improved clinical outcomes. With this aim, cancer research turned its attention to profiling the immune contexture of either...


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HHLA2 and PD-L1 co-expression predicts poor prognosis in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma

Although clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is well known as a highly immunogenic tumor, only a small subset of patients could benefit from current immunotherapy, which might be due to the heterogeneity of immune microenvironment in ccRCC. So, it is meaningful to explore novel immunotherapy...


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Correlation of plasma exosomal microRNAs with the efficacy of immunotherapy in EGFR/ALK wild-type advanced non-small cell lung cancer

Immunotherapy has become an important treatment option for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). At present, none of these existing biomarkers can effectively stratify true responders and there is an urgent need for identifying novel biomarkers. Exosomes derived from the...


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High expression of B7-H3 on stromal cells defines tumor and stromal compartments in epithelial ovarian cancer and is associated with limited immune activation

B7-H3 and B7-H4 are highly expressed by many human malignancies making them attractive immunotherapeutic targets. However, their expression patterns and immune contexts in epithelial ovarian cancer have not been well characterized. This study provides insight into the expression patterns of B7...