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Continuous renal replacement therapy in cytokine release syndrome following immunotherapy or cellular therapies?

Recently, an increasing number of novel drugs were approved in oncology and hematology. Nevertheless, pharmacology progress comes with a variety of side effects, of which cytokine release syndrome (CRS) is a potential complication of some immunotherapies that can lead to multiorgan failure if...


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COVID-19 and lung cancer: risks, mechanisms and treatment interactions

Cases of the 2019 novel coronavirus also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continue to rise worldwide. To date, there is no effective treatment. Clinical management is largely symptomatic, with organ support in intensive care for critically ill patients. The...


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COVID-19 and immune checkpoint inhibitors: initial considerations

COVID-19 infections are characterized by inflammation of the lungs and other organs that ranges from mild and asymptomatic to fulminant and fatal. Patients who are immunocompromised and those with cardiopulmonary comorbidities appear to be particularly afflicted by this illness. During pandemic...


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Diffuse pneumonitis from coronavirus HKU1 on checkpoint inhibitor therapy

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) can produce specific immune-related adverse events including pneumonitis. The impact of ICI therapy on the severity of acute coronavirus infection symptomatology warrants further exploration. The authors report the first case of a patient with melanoma with...


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Mucosal inflammation predicts response to systemic steroids in immune checkpoint inhibitor colitis

Immune-related colitis is a common, often serious complication of immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI). Although endoscopy is not strictly recommended for any grade of diarrhea/colitis, emerging evidence suggests that endoscopic evaluation may have important therapeutic implications. In this...


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Immunotherapy to treat malignancy in patients with pre-existing autoimmunity

In the past 10 years, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have become an additional pillar of cancer therapy by activating the immune system to treat a number of different malignancies. Many patients receiving ICIs develop immune-related adverse events (irAEs) that mimic some features of...


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Conditional immune toxicity rate in patients with metastatic renal and urothelial cancer treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are associated with immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Although the incidence and prevalence of irAEs have been well characterized in the literature, less is known about the cumulative incidence rate of irAEs. The authors studied the cumulative incidence...


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Immunosuppressant indulges EBV reactivation and related lymphoproliferative disease by inhibiting Vδ2+ T cells activities after hematopoietic transplantation for blood malignancies

Following the extensive use of immunosuppressive drugs in the clinic, immunosuppression-associated side effects have received increasing attention. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation and related lymphoproliferative diseases (LPD) are the lethal complications observed after allogeneic...



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Quality of life in long-term survivors of advanced melanoma treated with checkpoint inhibitors

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (CIs) have revolutionized treatment of advanced melanoma, leading to an emerging population of long-term survivors. Survivors’ quality of life (QOL) and symptom burden are poorly understood. The authors evaluated symptom burden and QOL in patients with advanced...