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Avelumab in patients with previously treated metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma: long-term data and biomarker analyses from the single-arm phase 2 JAVELIN Merkel 200 trial

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive skin cancer associated with a high risk of metastasis. In 2017, avelumab (anti–programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)) became the first approved treatment for patients with metastatic MCC (mMCC), based on the occurrence of durable responses in a...


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Efficacy and safety of avelumab treatment in patients with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma: experience from a global expanded access program

Avelumab, a human anti–programmed death-ligand 1 immunoglobulin G1 monoclonal antibody, showed favorable efficacy and safety in patients with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (mMCC) in the phase II JAVELIN Merkel 200 trial, leading to approval in multiple countries. The authors describe real...


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Survival after checkpoint inhibitors for metastatic acral, mucosal and uveal melanoma

Checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) are thought to be effective against cutaneous melanoma in part because of the large burden of somatic mutations (neoantigens) generated from exposure to ultraviolet radiation. However, rare melanoma subtypes arising from acral skin, mucosal surfaces, and the uveal...


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Rapid and sustained response to immune checkpoint inhibition in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma after allogenic hematopoietic cell transplant for sézary syndrome

Recently, the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors has gained attention in the treatment of both cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and hematological malignancies. However, many patients with hematological malignancies eventually undergo allo-HCT, raising the concern of potential adverse events ...


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Multiple nivolumab-induced CNS demyelination with spontaneous resolution in an asymptomatic metastatic melanoma patient

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPis) have revolutionised the treatment of melanoma by significantly increasing survival rates and disease control. However, ICPis can have specific immune-related adverse events, including rare but severe neurological toxicity. The authors report the first case of...


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TLR9 activation cooperates with T cell checkpoint blockade to regress poorly immunogenic melanoma

Tumors that lack pre-existing immune infiltration respond poorly to T cell checkpoint blockade immunotherapy. These cancers often surround themselves with high densities of suppressive myeloid stroma while excluding immunostimulatory dendritic cells. Tumor-resident myeloid cells and selected...




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"Your Guide to Cancer Immunotherapy" - An AIM at Melanoma Foundation Resource

Immunotherapy is one of the latest types of treatment that is being used to treat cancer by stimulating one's immune system to prevent, control, and eliminate cancer. This video from AIM at Melanoma explains how your immune system works, how immunotherapy treatments works, as well as possible...


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Secondary resistance to immunotherapy associated with β-catenin pathway activation or PTEN loss in metastatic melanoma

While cancer immunotherapies including checkpoint blockade antibodies, adoptive T cell therapy, and even some vaccines have given rise to major clinical responses with durability in many cases, a subset of patients who initially respond subsequently develop secondary resistance to therapy. Tumor...